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Excerpt: Table of Contents

Chapter 1. The Frame of Reference

1. The Inquiry

2. The Material

3. Definition of Cultural Condition

4. Criticism of Categories based on ‘Beliefs’

5. Some Unacceptable Translations

6. By Their Rites We Shall Know Them

7. Zoistic; Manistic; Deistic

8. ‘Ancestor-worship’: an Analysis

9. The Treatment of Affliction

10. The Control of the Weather

11. The Frame of Cultural Reference (Uncivilized Peoples)

12. The Meaning of ‘Primitive’ and ‘Civilized’

13. The Meaning of ‘Higher’ and ‘Lower’

14. Definition of Marriage

15. Comments on the Evidence

16. Definition of Sexual Opportunity

17. Exogamy and Prohibited Degrees

18. Definition of Pre-nuptial Chastity

19. Irregular or Occasional Continence

20. Sexual Rights of a Clan-brother

21. Sexual Rights over a Wife’s ‘Sisters’

22. The Fate of the Widow

23. The Completed Frame of Reference (Uncivilized Peoples)

24. The Method

Chapter 2. Selected Evidence

25. The Plan of the Chapter

A. Selected Evidence from Melanesia

26. Pre-nuptial Regulations of the Loyalty Islanders and Tannese

27. Pre-nuptial Regulations of the New Britons

28. Pre-nuptial Regulations of the SE. Solomon Islanders (Ulawa and Sa’a)

29. Pre-nuptial Regulations of the Fijians

30. Cultural Condition of the Loyalty Islanders

31. Cultural Condition of the Tannese

32. Cultural Condition of the New Britons

33. Cultural Condition of SE. Solomon Islanders (Ulawa and Sa’a)

34. Cultural Condition of the Fijians

35. Summary and Chart

B. Selected Evidence from Africa and America

36. Sexual Regulations of the Banyankole, Bakitara, and Baganda

37. Cultural Condition of the Banyankole

38. Cultural Condition of the Bakitara

39. Cultural Condition of the Baganda

40. Summary and Chart

41. Pre-nuptial Regulations of the Yoruba and the Ibibio

42. Cultural Condition of the Ibibio and Yoruba

43. Pre-nuptial Regulations and Cultural Condition of the Aztecs

44. Summary and Chart

C. Selected Evidence from Polynesia

45. Pre-nuptial Regulations of the Maori

46. Pre-nuptial Regulations of the Samoans

47. Pre-nuptial Regulations of the Tongans

48. The Revolution in Hawaii

49. Cultural Condition of the Maori

50. Cultural Condition of the Samoans

51. Cultural Condition of the Tongans

52. Summary and Chart

D. The Naga Tribes of Assam and the Paleo-Siberians

53. Pre-nuptial Regulations of the Naga Tribes of Assam

54. Cultural Condition of the Naga Tribes of Assam

55. Pre-nuptial Regulations of the Palaeo-Siberians

56. Cultural Condition of the Palaeo-Siberians

57. Chart of Selected Evidence

Chapter 3. General Survey

A. Preliminary Considerations

58. The Plan of the Chapter

59. Societies which were both matrilineal and matrilocal

60. The Area of Profound Mystery

61. Comments on Uncivilized Culture

62. ‘Animism’ again

63. The Power

64. The Place

65. The Agency

66. Dead Level of Conception

67. Confusion between the One and the Many

68. Temporary Distinction between the One and the Many

69. Permanent Distinction between the One and the Many

70. Native Brains

71. Summary of the Foregoing

B. Melanesia and New Guinea

72. Banks Islanders

73. Trobriand Islanders

74. Kiwai Papuans

75. Mafulu

76. Purari

77. Koita

78. Mailu

79. Orakaiva

80. Summary and Chart

C. Eastern Africa

81. Comments on the African Evidence

82. Shilluk

83. Dinka

84. Lango

85. Akikuyu

86. Akamba

87. Nandi

88. Masai

89. Summary and Chart

90. Preliminary Evaluation of the Foregoing Evidence

D. The Area of Profound Mystery

91. Awemba

92. Baila

93. Baronga

94. Amazulu

95. Basuto

96. Summary and Chart

E. African Matrilineal Societies

97. Wayao and Anyanja — Pre-nuptial Sexual Regulations

98. Wayao and Anyanja — Cultural Condition

99. Dahomans

100. Ashanti

101. Summary and Chart

F. American Indians

102. Comments on the Evidence from North America

(1) Indians of the North-west

103. Tlingit

104. Haida

105. Thompson

106. Shuswap

107. Lillooet

108. Coast Salish

109. Klallam

110. Nez Percés

111. Dene

112. Summary and Chart

(2) Indians of the Plains and Great Lakes

113. Ojibwa

114. Blackfeet

115. Arapaho

116. Iroquois

117. Dakota

118. Omaha

119. Hidatsa, Mandan, Crow

120. Winnebago

121. Summary and Chart

(3) Indians of the South and South-east

122. Comments on Pueblo Culture

123. Hopi

124. Zuni

125. Sia

126. Navaho and Apache

127. Chickasaw

128. Creek

129. Natchez

130. Pima

131. Summary and Chart

G. Miscellaneous Societies

132. Comments on the Remaining Evidence

133. Tahitians

134. Gilbert Islanders

135. Mikirs

136. Garos

137. Khasis

138. Andaman Islanders

139. Sea-Dyaks

140. Summary and Chart

Chapter 4. The Connexion Between Sexual Opportunity and Cultural Behavior

A. Analysis of the Cultural Evidence

141. Analysis of the Chart of Evidence (Appendix I)

142. The Cultural Scale

143. The Scale of the Limitation of Sexual Opportunity

144. Method of Classifying the Evidence in regard to Uncivilized Ideas

145. Classification of the Evidence in regard to the Ideas of the Eighty Uncivilized Societies

146. The ‘Unusual’ as the Power

147. The ‘Unusual’ as the Agency

148. Misconceptions and Misinterpretations

149. The ‘Unusual’ as ‘the Dead’

150. The ‘Unusual’ as the Recipient

151. The ‘Unusual’ as the Place

152. Summary of the Foregoing

B. Submissions of the Psychologists

153. Origin of Psycho-analysis

154. Social Nature of the Unconscious

155. Effect of Sexual Limitations

156. The Cause of Social Energy

157. Application of these conclusions to the Cultural Data

158. Digest of the Foregoing Chapters

Chapter 5. Necessity in Human Affairs

159. The Relativity of Human Affairs

160. The Science of Human Affairs

161. Seven Classes of Sexual Regulations

162. Cultural Effect of Pre-nuptial Sexual Freedom

163. Cultural Effect of a Compulsory Irregular or Occasional Continence

164. Cultural Effect of Compulsory Pre-nuptial Chastity

165. A Method of Confirming these Suggestions

166. Degeneracy among Uncivilized Peoples

167. Cultural Effect of different Post-nuptial Regulations; Christian Marriage

168. The Institution of Absolute Monogamy

169. Post-nuptial Regulations of the Babylonians (to twentieth century B.C.) and Sumerians

170. Post-nuptial Regulations of the Athenians

171. Post-nuptial Regulations of the Romans (to first century A.D.)

172. Post-nuptial Regulations of the Anglo-Saxons

173. Post-nuptial Regulations of the English (from sixteenth to twentieth century)

174. Human Entropy

175. Conclusion